CENTRE FOR INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER IN AFRICA (CITTA)
Following the signature of the memorandum of agreement for strategic collaboration between ELITE Innovation College Cambridge (EICC) and Tunisian International University, the Centre for International Technology Transfer in Africa (CITTA) was formally launched by Professor Richard Li-Hua, Founder and President of EICC and Dr Ridha Rejeb, Founder of TIU on 25th February, 2022, witnessed with hundreds of participants in EICC’s Global Innovation Webinar, as their research and innovation arm to promote and consolidate their joint research and innovation activities of both institutions and enhance their academic capacity building and increase their international visibility.
INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER WORKS
Technology transfer is widely recognized as the acquisition, adaption, and use of technological knowledge by an individual, group or society other than the one who developed the technology. It has been a subject of considerable interest to many groups, such as government policymakers, international funding agencies, business executives, and university presidents/vice chancellors because of the close relationship between technology transfer and economic growth. For the founders of both institutions, they have a strong interest on technology transfer as they are not only concerned with the development of their academic institutions but also the economic growth of the local economy where they are.
In the living memory, following the success of technology transfer in Latin America in the 70s and Southeast Asia in the 80’s, international technology transfer works effectively from developed to the developing countries, for example, China and India are not catch-up but also emerging as economic engine of the world economy since the 90s of last century. International technology transfer is an important global development trend and the other one is the economic globalization. The economic globalization is one of the three main dimensions of globalization commonly found recently in academic literature, with the two others being political globalization and cultural globalization, as well as the general term of globalization. Economic globalization refers to the widespread international movement of goods, capital, services, technology and information. However, the world economy continues to grow. And the economies of the major OECD countries suffered during the pandemic but are all expected to grow. Emerging economies as a group continue to excel, the signature of the Regional Economic Partnership (RCEP) creates the largest free-trade zone which involves 30 % of the world population and contributes 30% of the world GDP, with China and India in particular remaining major drivers of the global expansion. China and India, according to PwC Report “The World in 2050”, will be the 1st and 2nd largest economies by 2050.
China embracing innovation is a strategic model and a new paradigm of the wise who are seeking common development, sharing resources and a win-win solution. It is a social innovation. It refers to a novel and innovative solution to a complicated social problem. The solution is more distinctive, effective and efficient, better, equitable and sustainable than the existing approach. At the same time, it creates value for the benefit of society as a whole. The essential elements, also regarded as the four pillars of the embracing innovation theory, are as follows: a. embracing contradictions, b. heading with the times, c. seeking common ground while maintaining differences, and d. creating harmony and tolerance. These four pillars support and complement each other.
Research evidence show that international technology transfer, a two-way process, not only works from the developed to the developing, from West to the East but also works from North to the South. What is needed urgently is to raise the awareness and necessity of international technology transfer in the African Continent. Therefore, we are calling global attention of international technology transfer and innovation in Africa.
INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER IN AFRICA
As we are aware that there is no equitable sharing of global technological advances and their application in raising the welfare of communities or states and there was no forcing basis to bring together developed and developing countriess in development collaboration, though international agencies, including UN, World Bank, OECD, etc. are trying to do so. With unbalanced economic development, Africa should call upon itself to benefit from the window of international technology transfer brought about by the new opportunities and mechanism. In this difficult time, we would like to promote three words: Innovation, leadership, and resilience through which we shape the world in the global higher education. These words support and complement to each other.
STRATEGIC INSTRUMENTS IN PROMOTING INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER (ITT)
EICC/TIU Global University President Forum (GUPF) Global Innovation Webinar (GIW) Series
Working with UNAI/CAMOT and Research Centre of Technological Innovation Centre, Tsinghua University, EICC has been successfully organizing annual Global University President Forum (GUPF) since 2008 and Global Innovation Webinar (GIW) series since early 2021, which has become global events in addressing global issues in global higher education with global innovation solutions and attracted high-profile speakers, university presidents/vice chancellors, innovators, social and technology entrepreneurs, Politian and investors, etc. as well as global participants. GUPF and GIW would like to have a focus on
Promotion of International Technology Transfer and Innovation in Africa
Promotion of Research and Innovation in ITT in Africa
Promotion of E-learning – ELITE in Africa
Promotion of strategic investment in Africa
Professor Richard Li-Hua: Director
Professor Ridha Rejeb: Co-director
Dr Abdul Almehdie: Executive Director
International Adversary Council
Ramu Damodaran, Chief of UNAI, 2010-2021
Professor CHEN Jin, Tsinghua University, China
Ms Elsie Ngowo-Effange-Mbella, Minister Plenipotentiary of Foreign Affairs, Cameroon
Ms Pinar Akkaya, Founder and Managing Director, Signature Communication, UK